Friday, March 22, 2013

Captain Henry James Day of the 99th Regiment



Archives Office of Tasmania
Left: Ref: 30-38c. Memorial column, 99th Regiment, Anglesea Barracks, erected in 1850.
Right: Anglesea Barracks, Ref: 30-36c. Unattributed half stereos, ca 1868

Captain Henry James Day (1803-1882?), first cousin of Thomas Nevin's father-in-law, master mariner Captain James Day, was Guard Captain of the 3rd detachment of 99th Regiment of Foot on board the convict transport Candahar when it arrived in Hobart in 1842 with 60 troops under his command, and 249 male convicts. Also on board were a "lady and four children", several soldiers' families and government stores. The Candahar was a 4 gun barque of 642 tons built in Shields in 1840, class A1 which departed Spithead, England on the 2nd April 1842, docking in Van Diemen's Land on the 21st July 1842. Captain Day's arrival was noted in the Hobart Town Courier. The regiment was stationed at the Anglesea Barracks, Hobart.



- Arrived the ship Candahar, 642 tons, 4 guns, Ridley, from Portsmouth 2nd April, with Government stores -passengers, Peter Leonard Esq., Surgeon Superintendent; Captain Day, 99th regiment, lady, and four children; Ensign Young, 80th regiment; and 249 male prisoners. Source:Hobart Courier July 22, 1842.

Of the 250 convicts who embarked, 249 convicts disembarked in Hobart Town, one perished on the voyage.



Arrival of Captain James Day 99th Regiment 21 July 1842 on the Candahar
Port Officers' Forms: Series MB2/39 (TAHO)

Thirty years later, Thomas Nevin would photograph some of these same convicts who had re-offended after serving their term and who were imprisoned again at the Port Arthur penitentiary and Hobart Gaol . A comprehensive list of the Candahar convicts is available online at the Tasmanian Heritage and Archives Office. Thomas Nevin's photographs of convicts - i.e. police identification mugshots - are held at the NLA, QVMAG, Mitchell Library NSW and TMAG. His photograph of Candahar convict John Appleby is held at the National Library of Australia [P1029/51: carte no.84].



Convict John Appleby, per Candahar 1842
Photo by Thomas J. Nevin (NLA Collection)

Taken on 4th March 1875 at Supreme Court 

On the 10th August 1842 the Candahar departed Hobart Town, Van Dieman's Land for Sydney, N.S.W, arriving on Tuesday the 16th August 1842 laden with government stores. Captain Day and family proceeded to Maitland.



Sydney Government Gazette, 22 November 1842.
Appointment of Captain Henry James Day as magistrate, assistant engineer and superintendent of ironed gangs, for the district of Maitland, NSW.

From 1842, several convict ships sailed from England with the 99th regiment on board as convict guards. In addition to the Candahar were the John Renwick, North Briton, Richard Webb, John Brewer, Isabella, Somersetshire, Emerald Isle and Forfarshire. The 99th was founded in Glasgow in 1824, became the 99th Lanarkshire Regiment in 1832, and ordered to embark for Australia first from West Wall at Dublin for Liverpool, then on to Chatham near London. By early 1842, 900 officers and men of the 99th Regiment were assembled for ports in NSW and Van Diemen's Land. The 3rd detachment arrived on the Candahar in July 1842.


"Chatham" engraved by E. Finden after a picture by Warren, published in Finden's Ports and Harbours..., 1842. Image courtesy of Ancestry Images

Detachments of the 99th Regiment were sent from Hobart to Norfolk Island and New Zealand. In 1845 members were sent to New Zealand to quell the Maori rebellion. A detachment took part in the assault on Ohaeawai Pah on 1 July 1845 and on Ruapekapeka on 10th January 1846. The campaign lasted for two years. The regiment returned to Hobart, Tasmania in 1847, stationed there until 1854 when a contingent was sent to Victoria.

In 1848, Captain Henry James Day was stationed at the Blackheath Stockade, NSW, as assistant engineer and superintendent, but by 1852 he was back in Hobart, VDL.



Captain Henry James Day served on Norfolk Island again as guard captain of the Sir Robert Seppings, a convict transport hulk which returned to Hobart on 4th October, 1852. He was now accompanied by Mrs Day and eight children, four more than in 1842 when she arrived on the Candahar.


Captain and Mrs Day, arrival from London, 1842 and from Norfolk Island, 1852
AOT Arrivals Index, Surname "Day"



Arrival of Captain James Day 99th Regiment on the Sir Robert Seppings, 4th October 1852, 
which landed 302 male prisoners at Port Arthur. 
Port Officers' Forms: Series MB2/39 (TAHO).



Their stay in Hobart was not without tragedy. One of Captain and Mrs Day's sons, George Henry, aged 5yrs, died on 30 August 1853 while stationed at the Anglesea Barracks. Mrs Eliza Day (nee Eliza Terry, daughter of a proctor in the Vice Admiralty), married Henry James Day at Port Louis, Mauritius in 1832. She was 19, he was 28. He was born into the Imperial Forces on Jamaica, christened in 1803, and commissioned in July 1825. Just as they were born to parents into service in the colonies , so were four of their eight children. Mary Jane was born on Mauritius (1833); Henrietta (1844) and George (1848) were born in NSW, and Arthur Frederick Francis was born on Norfolk Island (1850).  Coincidentally, Thomas Nevin's father, John Nevin, was attested the same year, in 1825, spending the next 12 years from 1826-1838 in the West Indies before serving at the Canadian Rebellions in 1839.



Henry James Day
Christened 7 May 1803, St Catherine Jamaica



Detail of Captain Henry James Day's serivice records
WO25/3239/346 National Archives, UK

Eight children were listed on his service record by 1863, including a son with the same name, Henry James Day, born in 1833. When the family returned again from Norfolk Island to Hobart via Port Arthur on the Southern Cross, Commander George McArthur (347 tons, 2 guns, registry at Hobarton) with the 99th Regiment, Henry James snr was listed as Major Day, accompanied by Mrs Day, five Miss Day’s and a Master Day (i.e. male child). All seven of his children, with the exception of Henry James jnr, the eldest son, were travelling with him. Also on board were 1 sergeant, 4 corporals, 27 privates, 10 women and 25 children of the 99th Regiment. They had landed 2 prisoners, 4 horses, 2 cows and part of cargo at Port Arthur before proceeding to Maitland, NSW.





State Library Tasmania
Day Mr Southern Cross 7 Mar 1855 MB2/39/1/19 P1
Day Mrs Southern Cross 7 Mar 1855 MB2/39/1/19 P1



State Library of Tasmania
Title: Barque “Southern Cross”, 347 tons George R. McArthur, Commander / T.G. Dutton del. et lith.; Day & Son lithrs. to the Queen
Creator: Dutton, T. G. fl. 1845-1879. (Thomas G.),
Publisher: London : W. Foster, [1853?]
Description: 1 print : coloured lithograph ; sheet 38 x 52 cm
Format: Print
ADRI: AUTAS001124068123
Source: Allport Library and Museum of Fine Arts
Notes: Printed lower left below image: T.G. Dutton, del. et lith. ; lower right: Day & Son lithrs. to the Queen
Inscribed lower right image: T.G.Dutton
Inscription below title: To the owner Mr. Charles Seal of Hobart Town, this print is respectfully dedicated; by his most obedient servant, the publisher
Indexed in: Hobart Town Courier, 6 July, 1853, p. 2, c. 3



State Library Tasmania
Title: Southern Cross – sailing ship ca.1880
ADRI: NS1013-1-67 (NB: color corrected for display here)

The Band of the 99th Regiment provided entertainment for Hobartonians on numerous occasions between 1849 and 1855:



State Library of Tasmania
Theatre and Ball Programs on silk, 1849,1855, music by the 99th Regiment

Captain Day served in Australian waters until 1856, proceeded to Bengal 1858-9, and from there he was deployed to the Chinese Rebellions of 1860. He was awarded the Chinese Clasp of Pekin, and retired from the 99th Regiment as Honorary Colonel brevet in 1863. Little is known beyond this date, although The Archives Office of Tasmania Pioneers Index has identical death dates for two James Day records, and clearly one is this soldier Henry James Day because his wife Eliza Terry is also listed with BDM records, but whether one is for the master mariner, and the other is for the soldier, or whether the two have been conflated as the one and same individual, is anyone's guess. As far as this research to date is concerned, Henry James Day the soldier of the 99th Regiment (1803-?) was the older first cousin of James Day the master mariner (born Yorkshire 10 June 1806- died Hobart  21 November 1882), the latter being the father-in-law of Thomas Nevin and father of his wife Elizabeth Rachel Day.



Photographer; Felice Beato (1832 – 1909) 1860
Series of photographs taken of British forces at the Chinese Rebellions, 1860
National Gallery of Australia Collections
Right: Accession No: NGA 82.1287.41(Head Quarters, Pehtang. Mr Bowlby, Mr J. Dock, Honble Stuart Wortley, Mr HB Lock, Col Hope Crealock):... (1860)

Find Henry James Day's (senior) record of service and more officers of the 99th Regiment, for example, Loftus John NUNN, who married Jane Anne Pedder at St Davids on 4 Dec1851.
Click here - NB this is a large file: The 99th Regiment Records of Officers' Services pdf.
National Archives UK Ref: WO-76-47-01

THE MEMORIAL to the 99th REGIMENT
The Anglesea Barracks was the focus of attention again for photographers in 1874 with the arrival of the American scientific team under Captain Harkness to record the Transit of Venus. The New York Times ran a report of the expedition in February 1875:  New York Times on Transit of Venus in Hobart 1874 [pdf]. These two stereographs taken of the team on site are also unattributed.



State Library of Tasmania
Title: Hobart, Barrack Square
Creator(s):Unknown
Date: 1874
Location: W.L. Crowther Library ADRI: AUTAS001125299032
Location: W.L. Crowther Library ADRI: AUTAS001125299040



State Library Tasmania
Title: The last of the 99th Regt. in Hobart (1890? Williamson photographer?)
Creator: Beattie, J. W. 1859-1930 (John Watt),
ADRI: AUTAS001125643429

In February 1954, Queen Elizabeth II, the first reigning monarch to visit Tasmania, inspected the gardens and memorial for the 99th Regiment at the Anglesea Barracks, shown here in this photo with the Duke of Edinburgh and Mrs Hurley, wife of Brigadier Hurley. The Maori mask and Regiment number "99"" appear in the foreground.



HRH Queen Elizabeth II, at Anglesea Barracks 1954
Courtesy Archives Office of Tasmania
Ref:AB713-1-2701
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