From Rabbit Traps to Rembrandts
A Memoir by Nevin Hurst. (West Hobart, Tas. : Knocklofty Press, 2007).
Photo © Copyright KLW NFC Imprint 2012 ARR
This case of disambiguation of names associated with photographer Thomas J. Nevin's family is more interesting than any other. A living descendant of the Hurst family in Tasmania, namely fine arts dealer William Nevin Hurst, who calls himself simply Nevin Hurst, (Masterpiece Gallery, Hobart) has maintained a family connection to photographer Thomas J. Nevin (his phone call to a grand son of Thomas Nevin, emails to this blog), but this claim appears to be based not on a genetic relationship but rather a friendship relationship between two neighbours at New Town Tasmania - photographer Thomas J. Nevin and Nevin Hurst's paternal ancestor, surveyor John Hurst.
The Nevin family home, built by Thomas' father John Nevin snr ca. 1858, was located on land in trust to the Wesleyan Church on an acre above the Lady Franklin Museum, Ancanthe, Kangaroo Valley, New Town. The Nevin and Hurst families were not only neighbours in New Town Hobart; they both had historic family connections to Grey Abbey, County Down, Ireland, where John Nevin was born in 1808, and joined the Royal Scots 1st Regiment of Foot in 1825. He died at Kangaroo Valley in 1887. John Hurst's father was James Hurst, a surveyor, born Grey-Abbey, Co. Down Ireland (no date) who held the lease for the Salt Water Coal Mines, Tasman Peninsula from 1858 and died in Hobart in 1876. His widow Eliza was born in 1814, died Hobart, 1902 (see gravestone below which was probably erected on her death). Establishing facts about the Nevin-Hurst connection has proved difficult because of the rather amusing tendency of living descendant Nevin Hurst, of Masterpiece Gallery, to claim to be related to many people in his memoir, including American newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism.
Surveyor John Hurst married Louisa Tatlow on 27th November 1862. The marriage was registered at Port Sorell, a town on the north-west coast of Tasmania on the waterway of the same name, just off Bass Strait, 20 km east of Devonport.His wife Louisa Maria Tatlow was born in 1841 to parents Anthony Tatlow, listed as "Gentleman" and Mary Moore; their daughter was baptised at St Johns, Launceston.
1841: birth of Louisa Maria Tatlow
Tasmanian Names Index
Record Type: Marriages
Spouse: Hurst, John
Date of marriage: 27 Nov 1862
Registered: Port Sorell
ResourceRGD37/1/21 no 582
1868: Thos Nevin, informant
On the 11th April, 1868, Louisa Hurst, formerly Tatlow, gave birth to William Nevin Tatlow Hurst in the district of Hobart. The father's occupation was listed as "surveyor". Their son's birth was registered on 22nd May, 1868 by Thos Nevin, informant, Elizabeth St., where Nevin was operating from Alfred Bock's former photographic studio at 140 Elizabeth St. Hobart Town. Neither parent was named "Nevin", either as the mother's maiden name or the father's middle name. Yet the child was given "Nevin" as a middle name along with his mother's maiden name "Tatlow". As a surveyor, the father was most likely absent from Hobart on business, and requested Thomas Nevin to register his son's birth at the Town Hall. This is the reason the name "Nevin" appears for the first time in the Hurst family of Tasmania, as a gesture towards to the family of John Nevin snr and his son Thomas J. Nevin, and for no other reason.
Schooling may have brought the families closer together. John Nevin snr and his daughter Mary Ann Nevin were both school teachers in the Kangaroo Valley and New Town area. And the relationship to a family of surveyors may have benefited Thomas Nevin's photographic work with the Lands Department, which employed photographers as a matter of course by the early 1870s on government commissions. When Thomas Nevin's own son Thomas James Nevin jnr was born in April 1874, he too was away on business, working at Port Arthur on government commission: Nevin's father-in-law Captain James Day signed the child's birth registration as the "informant" on 26th May in his absence.
Thomas Nevin's signature on this document of William Nevin Tatlow's birth carries his usual abbreviation of "Thos" and flourishes, but minus the "Jas", of "James", his middle name. It is similar to his signatures on his marriage certificate 1871, and the birth registrations of his children 1872-1888.
Above: Thomas Nevin's signatures, sourced from Tasmanian Names Index (TAHO)
Marriage registration for Thomas Nevin and Elizabeth Day, 1871
Birth registrations for two of their seven children, 1872 and 1876.
Birth Registration of William Nevin Tatlow HURST 1868
This document is worth a close examination because of the hand-written amendments, specifically to do with the child's middle names. Someone has initialed changes, firstly to the child's second middle name, printing more clearly the name "Tatlow", and left a (barely legible) note in parentheses. The note says:
(Third Christian name and mother's surname corrected to read "Tatlow" under clerical error (word illegible) of Sec. 36 of the Reg of Births & Deaths Act 1895. See birth reg. No. 595/41 L'ton (inserted) and Marriage No. 582/62 Port Sorell. )
Detail: 1868 - signature of Thos Nevin, informant, on the birth registration of William Nevin Tatlow Hurst, 22 May with additions and note in parentheses.
Tasmanian Names Index (TAHO)
Name: Hurst, William Nevin Tatlow
Record Type: Births
Father: Hurst, John
Mother: Tatlow, Louisa
Date of birth: 11 Apr 1868
Registration year: 1868
Resource007368108_00023 no 10026
1870: on the run from NZ police
Wherever Surveyor John Hurst may have been during 1868 that caused his absence when Thomas Nevin registered the birth of Hurst's son, he was on the run from the New Zealand police by October 1870. He was working in New Zealand in the county of Westland when he absconded with a sum of money. A charge on warrant for embezzlement was issued, but he supposedly eluded the NZ police, and was believed to have made his way to Melbourne by May 1871, and thence to Tasmania.
This extract from the Tasmanian police gazette of 2 May, 1871, reprinted from the Victoria Police gazette, not only details the charge, it gives a clear physical description of John Hurst, plus his former business interests as a journalist and newspaper proprietor. These aspects of John Hurst's background further imbricate the Hurst family and John Nevin and his family of Kangaroo Valley Tasmania, both formerly of Grey Abbey, Ireland, in several instances. Firstly, both John Hurst and John Nevin snr were journalists, the former a correspondent with the London Times, the latter a war correspondent during the Canadian Rebellions. Secondly, the Nevin family solicitor and Attorney-General W. R. Giblin, who would have authorised the warrant for John Hurst's arrest, especially as Hurst was a former employee of the Colonial government's Lands Dept., would have alerted John Nevin's two sons - brothers Constable John Nevin and photographer Thomas Nevin, both serving the Territorial and Municipal Police, to inform him in the event of John Hurst returning to his family in New Town. Whether John Hurst was acquitted or convicted is not clear, unless he was arrested in Victoria and charged, in which case the Victorian Public Records Office would hold those details; the Tasmanian police gazettes record no other notice about his being apprehended in their jurisdiction during the next decade.
Warrant for John Hurst, 2 May 1871
Tasmania Reports of Crime Information for Police, Gov't Printer
EXTRACTS from Victoria Police Gazette of the 2nd May, 1871
John Hurst is charged on warrant issued at Greymouth, New Zealand, with the embezzlement of £5 and other moneys the property of the Paroa District Road Board, at Paroa, county of Westland, on the 25th October 1870. He is native of the north of Ireland, a civil engineer, aged 32 years, 5 feet 10 inches high, but does not look so tall, grey eyes, short brown hair, short sandy whiskers round and under chin, and rather prominent cheek bones. He was employed as secretary and collector to the Paroa Road Board at the time he absconded; was formerly correspondent of the London Times and afterwards proprietor of the Freeman newspaper. He is believed to be in or near Melbourne. - 1st May, 1871. This offender is said to have been employed by the Tasmanian Government in the Survey Department, probably in the Western districts, and may make for that place.
1877: New Town Public School
William Nevin Tatlow Hurst dropped the middle name "Tatlow" from all official documents, and as early as 1877. Enrolled at the New Town Public School as William Nevin Hurst minus the middle name "Tatlow", he was awarded a prize as a fourth form student, published in The Mercury, 24th December 1877. He was nine years old.
Source:No heading]. (1877, December 24). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 2 Supplement: The Mercury Summary For Europe. Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page795155
In same year, on May 3rd 1877, William Nevin Hurst's unmarried aunt, Mary Hurst, sister of surveyor John Hurst, was a witness at the marriage of Mary Anne Nevin, Thomas Nevin's younger and only surviving sister, to seaman John Carr at the Wesleyan Chapel, Kangaroo Valley. She was a school teacher who had applied to the Education Board in 1865 to establish a school at Kangaroo Valley with the support of Morton Allport. William Nevin Hurst may have been one of her pupils at either school. Thomas Nevin photographed the New Town Public School on several occasions in the early 1870s, printing his images as a series of stereographs (held at the TMAG).
Marriage of Mary Anne Nevin to John Carr, 3 May 1877
Witnesses: John Nevin snr, John Nevin jnr, Mary Sophia Day and Mary Hurst
Resource RGD37/1/36 no 359
Stereograph of the New Town Public School
Photographer: Thos Nevin New Town ca. 1870
Photos recto and verso copyright © KLW NFC Imprint 2014-2015
Taken at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, 10 November 2014
TMAG Ref: Q1987.392
Marriage of Wm Nevin Tatlow HURST 1899
In retrospect, when Thomas Nevin registered the birth of William Nevin Tatlow Hurst in 1868, he might have suspected that the child would follow in his grandfather's and father's footsteps, training first as a draughtsman, then surveyor, and becoming eventually the Tasmanian Surveyor-General and Secretary for Lands. William Nevin Tatlow Hurst married Lucie Evelyn Elizabeth Foster, hospital nurse, exactly 31 years to the day he was born, i.e. on his 31st birthday, 11th April 1899 at St John's Church, New Town.
Tasmanian Names Index (TAHO)
Name: Hurst, William Nevin Tatlow
Spouse: Foster, Lucie Evelyn Elizth
Date of marriage: 11 Apr 1899
Registration year: 1899
ResourceRGD37/1/61 no 273
An extensive collection of documents relating to the father John Hurst and son William Nevin Tatlow Hurst is held at the University of Tasmania, at this link:
A collection of pamphlets articles and newspaper cuttings compiled by William Nevin Hurst (1868 - 1947) and notes made by him on topics of historical interest. William Nevin Hurst was a draughtsman and Secretary for Lands. He was the son of John Hurst a surveyor on the North West Coast. RS.23
Source: Tasmanian Sureveyors-General Honour Board
The Lyons Labor Government 1920s (Joseph Lyons front seated centre)
William Nevin Hurst, seated,second last from viewer's right: incorrectly identified as J. Hurst
Title: Photograph - Labor members of Parliament - M O'Keefe, J Cleary, P Kelly, A Lawson, C Culley, W. Shoobridge, JA Guy, J Belton, JA Lyons, AG Ogilvie, J Hurst and G Becker
Source: Archives Office of Tasmania
The Cemetery Headstone
The family relationship claimed by living descendant Nevin Hurst to the Nevin family is partially based on the wording on the gravestone relating to Mary Hurst, whom he supposes to be the sister of John Nevin snr, and therefore an aunt of Thomas Nevin, but there is no evidence to suggest that John Nevin had a sister, especially one born 30 years or more after him (!), nor evidence that "Hurst" was the married name of James Hurst's daughter rather than her maiden name. She is listed as the daughter of the Ireland-based family, daughter of James Hurst, not "daughter-in-law". The wording is as follows:
In Loving Memory of Eliza Widow of the late James Hurst of Grey-Abbey, Co. Down Ireland Born July 12th 1814 Died Sept 19th 1902...
Also Mary Hurst Daughter of the Above died 27th October 1925 Aged 86 years
Also Louisa Hurst Widow of John Hurst born at Westbury 27th May 1841 Died 18th November 192?
Also Edith Rhoda Hurst only daughter of John and Louisa Hurst died 25th January 1926 Aged 54 years
Also William Nevin Tatlow Hurst ISO son of John & Louisa Born April 11, 1868 Died 24 Dec 1946
Also Lucie Evelyn Hurst beloved Wife of Above Born 20 June 1868 Died 11 Feb 1948
The Hurst family headstone, Cornelian Bay
Emailed to this blog courtesy of Nevin Hurst 2010
Copyright Gravesites of Tasmania
The second suggestion sent to this blog by Nevin Hurst (12 June 2012) to claim a family relationship to the Nevin family was that ELIZA Hurst, widow of JAMES Hurst - the head name on the gravestone - was John Nevin snr's sister, but no evidence was submitted for that claim and that too has been discredited. James Hurst died in 1876. He held the lease of the Salt Water Coal Mines on the Tasman Peninsula from 1858 to his death in 1876 (Bullers, Flinders University, 2005). Two passengers arrived in Hobart on 3rd February, 1855 on board the Flora McDonald from Liverpool - John Hurst, aged 16yrs old, and probably his mother, Eliza Hurst, aged 40 yrs old.
On November 15th 1856, a large Hurst family of six of arrived in Hobart from Sydney on board the Tasmania, including cabin passengers Mary, James, Eliza, a Miss, a Mrs and a Mr Hurst.
MB 2 39 1 20 Image 328
Surveyor John Hurst's sister, Mary Hurst, born at Grey Abbey, County Down, Ireland, (1839-1925) died at her nephew's house (i.e. William Nevin Tatlow Hurst's home), 30 Cross Street, New Town, Tasmania. She apparently never married, or at least, retained her maiden name through to her death. She was a signatory witness at the marriage of Thomas Nevin's sister, Mary Anne Nevin to John Carr on 3rd May 1877 at Kangaroo Valley, New Town, now Lenah Valley (Ref: RGD37/1/36 no 359. Tasmanian Names Index).
DEATHSSource: Family Notices. (1925, October 28). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved January 28, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29117778
HURST.-On October 27, 1925, at the residence of her nephew. Mr. W. N. Hurst, 30 Cross-street, New Town,- Mary Hurst, a native of the County Down, Ireland, in her 80th year. No flowers.
Photographer Thomas J. Nevin may never have envisaged the persistence of his surname NEVIN as a Hurst family middle name well into the second generation when he registered the birth of William Nevin Tatlow Hurst in May 1868 for surveyor John Hurst and wife Louisa Tatlow. Their son William Nevin Tatlow Hurst who married Lucie Evelyn Elizabeth Foster, hospital nurse, exactly 31 years to the day he was born, i.e. on his 31st birthday, 11th April 1899 at St John's Church, New Town, had an only son whom they named David Nevin Hurst. He married Pearl Isobel Childs on May 18, 1932 at St. John's Church, New Town. David and Pearl Hurst were the parents of the present Masterpiece gallery owner, (William) Nevin Hurst, who uses his middle name Nevin as his Christian or forename. His claim to a familial relationship to photographer Thomas J. Nevin cannot be justified (he also assumes theatre, film and television performer Robyn Nevin to be his relative), but what can be firmly established is a close relationship of friendship between the Nevin and Hurst families stretching back to their origins at Grey Abbey, County Down, Ireland.
MARRIAGESSource: Family Notices. (1932, October 1). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved January 28, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24711352
HURST—CHILDS.— On May 18, 1932, at St. John's Church, New Town by the Rev. C. Corvan, David Nevin, only son of Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Hurst, of New Town, to Pearl Isobel, eldest daughter of Mrs. and the late W. B. Childs, of Old Beach.
Plaque in memory of William Nevin Tatlow Hurst and Lucie Evelyn Hurst
Interior wall, St Johns Church, New Town Tasmania
Photo copyright © KLW NFC Imprint 2015 ARR
MORE NEWSPAPER NOTICES
Death of Eliza Hurst, Mercury 20 Sept 1902
Marriage of William Nevin Hurst to Lucie Foster, Mercury April 13, 1899
Marriage of John Hurst to Louisa Tatlow, 3 December 1862, Cornwall Chronicle.
Nevin Street South Hobart
John Hurst, son of Irish surveyor James Hurst and friend of the Nevin family of Kangaroo Valley, was a surveyor in civil service, but whether he or his son William Nevin Hurst, who became the Tasmanian Surveyor-General, named this street in South Hobart after the Nevin family of Kangaroo Valley is yet to be determined. See this article, Nevin Street and the Cascades Prison for Males.
No Through Road. Nevin St. South Hobart adjacent to the Cascades Prison.
Photo © copyright KLW NFC Imprint 2011 ARR
ERRATA: Apologies in advance to the family of Nevin Hurst, Masterpiece Gallery for any errors here.