Monday, March 11, 2019

A distinguished forelock: Henry Dresser Atkinson on board the "City of Hobart" 1872

REV. HENRY DRESSER ATKINSON (1841–1921) and TRUGANINI (1812–1876)

Without doubt, Thomas J. Nevin produced an intriguing photograph when he set up his camera in front of this esteemed group of day-trippers to Adventure Bay on board the City of Hobart on 31st January 1872.  He advised readers of the Mercury, 2nd February 1872, that those group photographs taken on the trip to Adventure Bay were ready and for sale. The Mercury also reported that Nevin's photographs of the event were "very well taken" in the same edition.

Detail: second image on right side of stereograph of the VIPS by T. J. Nevin 
Day-trippers to Adventure Bay on board the City of Hobart 31st January 1872
T. Nevin Photo blindstamp impress recto on right hand side
Verso with T. J. Nevin’s government contractor’s stamp with Royal Arms insignia.
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection Ref: Q1994.56.2

Who's Who, January 31st, 1872
Some identities are certain, others are probable, and yet others are simply possible. These are our suggestions, based on comparison with extant photographs of known public figures, or details deduced from their associated biographies.The attention of  the original owner of this particular copy was centred on the young woman among this hirsute crowd. By marking her image with two ink dots below the eyes, whether to accentuate them or even to signify tears, effectively points to a context subjoined to the present one on this day as she sat next to the Rev. Atkinson watching the photographer perform his magic.

Extreme left, standing: Sir John O'Shanassy, former Premier of Victoria, clean shaven, in light topper

Standing next to him: Robert Byron Miller, barrister with beard and light topper

Seated at eye-level with the capstan wheel: the Hon. James Erskine Calder, former Surveyor-General, Tasmania in black topper and light moustache ( head only visible)

Seated in front of him facing camera: possibly Lukin Boyes, Customs Officer in white jacket, wearing a light trilby and shoulder bag

Centre in foreground: the Hon. Mr. James Milne Wilson (Premier of Tasmania), or Alfred Kennerley, (Mayor of Hobart and Police Magistrate)

Seated next to him facing camera: an unidentified young woman, who may have been one of event organiser John Woodcock Graves' four young daughters - Mimi (b. 1862), Mathinna (Matte b. 1859) Trucaninni (Truca b. 1864), the latter two both given Tasmanian Aboriginal names - or even fourteen year old Jean Porthouse Graves (b. 1858) who collected these photographs of the trip by Thomas Nevin for her album (see her portraits by Nevin below). This young woman with a steady gaze and fully rounded face, however, was possibly in her late teens. As she is sitting next to Henry Dresser Atkinson (1841–1921), she may have been his fiancee Sarah-Ann Ward (b. 1841 Launceston). Their son  Henry Bruné Dresser, born  on 17th  March 1874 at Gordon, Tasmania, was nursed - so legend goes - by Tasmanian Aboriginal  woman Trugernanner (Truganini) (1812–1876). Henry Dresser Atkinson's first appointment on arrival from England was the Channel mission at Oyster Cove where Truganini's group had been relocated to her traditional territory. According to Lyndal Ryan et al: 
.By 1869 she [Truganini] and William Lanney were the only full bloods alive. The mutilation of Lanney's body after his death in March led Trugernanner to express concern; she told Rev. H. D. Atkinson, 'I know that when I die the Museum wants my body'.
Extreme lower right: Rev. Henry Dresser Atkinson, in clerical garb, clergyman, conchologist and naturalist.  He is identifiable by his large spreading wispy beard, his distinctive curled forelock above his left eye, and hair styled with a centre part. Here he is squinting against the sun, but in the formal portrait below, taken when he was quite young, the forelock is accentuated.

Stereograph of the VIPS by T. J. Nevin 
Day-trippers to Adventure Bay on board the City of Hobart 31st January 1872
T. Nevin Photo blindstamp impress recto on right hand side
Verso with T. J. Nevin’s government contractor’s stamp with Royal Arms insignia.
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection Ref: Q1994.56.2

Stereograph of the VIPS by T. J. Nevin 
Day-trippers to Adventure Bay on board the City of Hobart 31st January 1872
T. Nevin Photo blindstamp impress recto on right hand side
Verso with T. J. Nevin’s government contractor’s stamp with Royal Arms insignia.
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection Ref: Q1994.56.2

Photograph - Rev H D Atkinson [unattributed, s.n. n.d.]
Item Number: NS407/1/41
Source: Archives Office of Tasmania
St Davids Cathedral (NG282) 01 Jan 1804
Series:Photograph Album Mainly of People associated with St Davids Cathedral (NS407) 01 Jan 1901
View online: NS407-1-41

Obituary 1921: the Rev. Henry Dresser Atkinson
Published in the Mercury, Hobart, Monday 27 June 1921, page 4
The Rev. Henry Dresser Atkinson, BA, whose death is announced this morning at the advanced age of 80 years, has had a distinguished and varied career. Born in 1841 at Selby, in Yorkshire, he was the son of the late Rev Henry Atkinson, headmaster of Drax School, and Vicar of Barmby, in Yorkshire. He entered Magdalen College, Cambridge, in 1860, and graduated in 1863.  Whilst there he was one of a group of pioneers who commenced the study of English literature of the time of Chaucer, and wrote such a brilliant essay on this poet that Cowden Clark published a special edition of Chaucer, in the preface to which he acknowledged Mr Atkinson's essay as being the mainspring of the publication. That he did not neglect the athletic side of University life is evinced by the fact that he took a prominent place in both football and rowing, in both of which sports he represented his college, and in the latter was chosen to represent his University against Oxford. His first appointment was that of mathematical master at Cheltenham College, where he had amongst his students such distinguished men as the late F. W. H. Myers and Sir Rider Haggard. In 1865 he was ordained by Dr Philpott, Bishop of Worcester and licensed to the curacy of Holy Trinity in that city. During his term at Holy Trinity he was secretary to the Archaeological Society, of which Dr Woodward, the eminent geologist, was president, but in 1867 he unfortunately contracted cholera, which was raging in the parish, and which so undermined his health that he was forced to resign, and emigrate to Tasmania, in the hope of saving his life. That the change was beneficial is evinced by the ripe old age to which he attained. His first appointment in this State was in charge of the Channel mission, where he was stationed for nine years, during which time he married the only daughter of Mr Wm. Ward, of Gordon, who has been his life partner, and survives him. From the Channel he transferred to Stanley, which parish at this time included the whole of Tasmania west of Sisters' Creek He was there for 13 years, and made many hazardous journeys along the West Coast, through wild country, to the most distant settlements of miners. He next took charge of Evandale parish, where he remained for a period of 20 years, until 1910, when he retired to his residence, Brookside, Augusta-road, Hobart. Mr Atkinson was a devoted parish priest, and a brilliant English scholar; his sermons were highly thought of, both by clergy and laity, whilst "Talks with a Naturalist," which for many years were a leading feature of the Church of England "Messenger," were also from his pen. He was one of the first men in Tasmania to take up the serious study of Tasmanian shells, much of which he did in collaboration with the late Rev. J E Tenison Woods. His collection of shells is a large and valuable one, containing many type specimens of rare varieties. He played an important part in the establishment of the University of Tasmania, and was for many years a member of the Senate, and an examiner in several subjects. In general educational mat-ters, Mr Atkinson took a keen interest both ln England and in Tasmania, and a number of men in prominent positions in the educational world, as well as the ministry, owe their positions to Mr Atkinson's personal interest and influence, and in some cases private tuition. He leaves a widow and six children living, one of whom is the Rev H. B Atkin-son, of Holy Trinity, Hobart. One of his sons, the late Lieut. E H Atkinson, served with distinction in the late war. He was the senior clergyman in the Tasmanian diocese.
Source: Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), Monday 27 June 1921, page 4 OBITUARY.

Service at Holy Trinity 1921
From a long association with Henry Dresser Atkinson dating back to the 1870s, his funeral service was one which Thomas J. Nevin would have attended in the two years before his own death in 1923. The service for Henry Dresser Atkinson was held at the Holy Trinity Church, a short walk up the hill from Claremont House, 270 Elizabeth Street where Thomas Nevin, a widower since 1914,  resided with his eldest daughter Mary Florence Elizabeth Nevin (known to his grand children as Great Aunty May).

Source: World (Hobart, Tas:Wed 29 Jun 1921 Page 2 LATE REV. H. D. ATKINSON

The funeral of the late Rev. H. D. Atkinson took place yesterday afternoon, the service being conducted by the Bishop of Tasmania, assisted by Canon Shoobridge and the Rev. D. Blackwood. The service, which was a choral one, was held at Holy Trinity Church, Mr. J. W. Gould at the organ, and the members of Holy Trinity choir, under Mr. F. P. Bowden, rendered the choral portion of a beautiful and impressive service.
The Bishop referred in moving terms to the services rendered by the deceased to the diocese and his splendid record in both public and private life.
A large congregation was present - including prominent clergymen and laymen, amongst whom were Revs. Archdeacon Beresford, Canon Finnis, Minor Canon Hooker, and the Revs. Quigley, C. W. Wilson, Sharland Spink, and Tarleton. The chief mourners were the members of the family, and the officers of the church acted as coffin-bearers. Many beautiful  floral tokens were received from all parts of the Island.
The burial took place at Cornelian Bay Cemetery, and the funeral arrangements were in the hands of Messrs. Clark Bros.
Thomas Nevin's teenage admirer
 Another altogether plausible suggestion as to the identity of the young woman seated next to the Rev. Atkinson in Thomas Nevin's stereograph (above) would be that it is his wife Elizabeth Rachel Nevin nee Day (1847-1914). They were married on 12th July 1871 at the Wesleyan Chapel, Kangaroo Valley (Hobart) and their first child Mary Florence Elizabeth (May) Nevin (1872-1955) was born on the 19th May 1872.

Gratitude in this instance, however, for saving these photographs, must be extended to Thomas Nevin's teenage admirer, 14 year old Jean Porthouse Graves, who assembled his photographs of this trip to Adventure Bay in an album (now in our private collection). Further copies found their way to the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery and the Archives Office, both in Hobart.

Jean Porthouse Graves, 14 yrs old, 
Detail of photograph printed as both a stereograph and carte-de-visite
Stereograph in double oval buff  mount with T. Nevin blindstamp impress in centre
Verso is blank. Photo copyright © KLW NFC 2014 ARR 
Taken at the TMAG November 2014 (TMAG Collection Ref:Q1994.56.5)

Men of premier social status dressed in full Victorian attire from head to toe rarely allowed themselves to be photographed in reclining and recumbent poses, so these captures by Thomas Nevin of Sir John O'Shanassy and Sir James Erskine Calder lolling about in bush surroundings are quite remarkable. Their ease and familiarity with Thomas Nevin was in no small part due to his work already performed for surveyors James Calder and James and John Hurst on commission with the Lands and Survey Dept., for which he was issued with the Colonial Government's Royal Arms warrant by authority. The men in the foreground of this series taken on the Adventure Bay trip in January 1872 were the lawyers and the legislators who were Nevin's patrons and employers throughout his engagement as photographer in Hobart's prisons and courts from 1872 into the 1880s.

Group photograph of the colonists at Adventure Bay 31st January 1872
Figures on lower left, recumbent: John Woodcock Graves jnr and Sir John O'Shanassy
Between them: John Graves' teenage daughter, Jean Porthouse Graves
Above her in topper: Robert Byron Miller (whose son Frances Knowles Miller she married in 1885)
On right: sitting with stick, Hon. Alfred Kennerley, Mayor of Hobart
Head in topper only on extreme right: Sir James Erskine Calder.

Stereograph in double oval buff  mount with T. Nevin blindstamp impress in centre
Verso is blank. Photo copyright © KLW NFC 2014 ARR 
Taken at the TMAG November 2014 (TMAG Collection Ref:Q1994.56.5

This is the same image (below), printed by Nevin from his negative as a carte-de-viste, stamped verso with his most common commercial studio stamp. More of the figure of the Hon. James Erskine Calder leaning into the frame on lower right is visible. Jean Porthouse Graves is indicated by an ink mark, and so is the man in the white summer hat who is leaning on top of a man-made stone structure, perhaps Lukin Boyes, Customs Officer, son of artist and administrator G.T.W. Boyes. Surname and initial appearing to be "L Boyes" is written on verso. Lukin Boyes was witness to the marriage of John Woodcock Graves the younger and Jessie Montgomerie at St John's Manse in 1857.

Verso inscriptions include these identifiable figures at the "Picnic":
Father = John Woodcock Graves jnr,
Sir John O'Shanassy = former Premier of Victoria,
Self = Jean Porthouse Graves, daughter of John W. Graves,
L. Boyes = Lukin Boyes (?), son of G.T. W. Boyes

From an album compiled by the families of John Woodcock Graves jnr and R. Byron Miller
Private Collection © KLW NFC Imprint 2015

Another configuration with more members of the VIP group at Adventure Bay, 31st January 1872. The man laughing, sitting between the Hon. Alfred Kennerley (lower left) and Sir John O'Shanassy, is Hugh Munro Hull, Parliamentary librarian. He seems to have appreciated comments coming from Thomas Nevin at the point of capture, while Sir John O'Shanassy (with stick), reads on, oblivious. The figure running into the scene at centre is John Woodcock Graves (the younger), organiser of the excursion.

Nevin's blindstamp impress is on the mount at centre.This stereo is badly water-damaged.
It is held at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Ref: Q1994.56.24.
Photo taken at TMAG 10th November 2014
Photo copyright © KLW NFC 2014 ARR

Thomas Nevin took this photograph of the group as they emerged from the bush onto the sand at Adventure Bay,  31st January 1872,  He printed the image as a stereograph on yellow card, with his blind stamp impress "T. NEVIN PHOTO" on the right, which was applied somewhat hurriedly. The inscription and arrows in ink on the left - "Father" and "Me" and "?" point to John Woodcock Graves jnr and his daughter Jean Porthouse Graves.

Verso inscription: "Pleasure Trip to Adventure Bay when I was a girl."
From an album compiled by the families of John Woodcock Graves jnr and R. Byron Miller
Private Collection © KLW NFC Imprint 2015

The last photographs
This is an enduring image of Tasmanian Aboriginal woman Trugernanner (Truganini)) photographed with John Woodcock Graves the younger shortly before her death, aged 73 yrs, on 8th May 1876. He died six months later, aged 47 yrs, on 30th October 1876.

[Above]: Truganini and John Woodcock Graves jnr
Print by Alfred Winter 1876
Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office
Photo copyright © KLW NFC Imprint 2015 ARR

Jean Porthouse GRAVES (1858-1951) married solicitor Francis Knowles MILLER at Melbourne, Victoria in 1885. She was extensively involved with betterment and welfare organisations in the Emu Bay area (Burnie, Tasmania) from her marriage through to the 1920s. She was 91 yrs old when she died at Rembrandt Square, London on 30 July 1951. This photograph, also from her album, was taken of Jean Knowles Miller, nee Jean Porthouse Graves, posing with her dog in London ca. early 1940s.

Mrs Jean Knowles-Miller nee Porthouse Graves (1858-1951)
Posing with her dog , London early 1940s
Photo copyright © KLW NFC Private Collection 2015

BDM RECORDS (summary)
A. John Woodcock Graves the elder, known for his composition of the song "D'ye Ken John Peel".
B. Sons of John Woodcock Graves the elder:
B.1. John Woodcock Graves the younger, solicitor, married Jessie Graves formerly Montgomerie on 27th May 1857 at St John's Manse, Hobart. John Woodcock Graves the younger died at Hobart aged 46 yrs on 30th October 1876 of congestion of the lungs and pneumonia.
B.2. Joseph Graves, master mariner, married Esther Jane williams on 9th Aug 1865 at St Johns Manse, Hobart.
C. Daughters of John Woodcock Graves the younger
C.1. Jean Porthouse Graves, born 20th January 1858 at Hobart to John Woodcock Graves, solicitor, Upper Bathurst St Hobart, and Jessie Graves formerly Montgomerie. Unnamed at birth. Jean Porthouse Graves married solicitor Frances Knowles Miller at Melbourne, Victoria in 1885. She died at her residence, Rembrandt Square London, aged 91 yrs, on 30th July 1951.
C.2. Mathinna Isabella Graves, born 1st August 1859 at Hobart to John Woodcock Graves, solicitor, Bathurst St Hobart, and Jessie Graves formerly Montgomerie. Mathinna Isabella Graves died at her residence, Orrong Rd, St Kilda Victoria, aged 88 yrs, on 29th June 1948.
C.3. Mimi Graves was born on 20th November 1862 at Hobart to John Woodcock Graves, solicitor and Jessie Graves formerly Montgomerie. Birth registered by a friend - H J D Baily (?) Argyle St.
C.4. Trucaninni Graves was born on 2nd November 1864 at Hobart to John Woodcock Graves, solicitor, Bathurst St Hobart, and Jessie Graves formerly Montgomerie. Birth registered by Jessie Graves, Princess St. Hobart.
D. Children of Jean Porthouse Graves and Francis Knowles Miller
D.1. Frances Emily Knowles born 19 August 1887 Emu Bay
D.2. Henry de Burgh Knowles born 2 April 1895 Emu Bay
(etc etc - to be completed)
Source: Names Index Archives Office Tasmania

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Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Prisoner James ROGERS forges into the leap year 1868

Being bissextile, it was the year James Rogers learnt that making his own addition to a £1 note passed at the Help Me Through The World Hotel for a pint with his mate Fred Foster would subtract eight years from his life lived free from incarceration.
1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1868th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 868th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1868, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

The Mugshot

Prisoner James ROGERS (1825-1899)
Police mugshot taken by T. J. Nevin of James Rogers at discharge from the Port Arthur prison
Date: 23 -27 May 1874
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Ref: Q15597

Verso: Prisoner James ROGERS (1825-1899)
Police mugshot taken by T. J. Nevin of James Rogers at discharge from the Port Arthur prison
Date: 23 -27 May 1874
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Ref: Q15597

The number inscribed recto on the mount - "136" - was an archivist's number which was shown to be one of dozens of  missing mugshots when the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, compiled a list of their holdings of these prisoner mugshots in the 1980s of all those donated from the estate of convictarian John Watt Beattie in 1930. Those that were missing - including this one of James Rogers - were removed in 1983 from the QVMAG and taken down to the Port Arthur prison heritage site for an exhibition,and never returned. They were deposited instead at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, along with another fifty (50) or more taken by Thomas Nevin in the 1870s, which were collected by John Watt Beattie in the 1900s, and are still held there today. See this collection by Nevin acquired as copies for this website in 2015 from the TMAG.

The inscription on the verso - Taken at Port Arthur 1874" - is usually factually incorrect, bearing little relation to the date and place of photographic capture and/or the criminal history of its sitter. Most of those extant were taken in Hobart at the Supreme Court, the Hobart Gaol and the Mayor's Court, Hobart Town Hall. The inscription was uniformly applied as so much touristic spin on the versos of  hundreds of these police photographs in buff oval cdv mounts, originals of which, taken by Nevin in the 1870s, were salvaged from the Hobart Gaol and Sheriff's Office. They acquired heritage value as penal history artefacts to be exhibited and offered for sale in the early 1900s, at John Watt Beattie's "Port Arthur Museum" located in Hobart, and for inclusion in travelling convictaria exhibitions associated with the fake convict hulk Success in Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Adelaide etc.

On this occasion, however, Thomas J. Nevin was on site at the Port Arthur prison, 60 kms south of Hobart on the Tasman Peninsula when James Rogers was discharged from there on 27th May 1874. Nevin's several trips to Port Arthur under the auspices of the Port Arthur Surgeon-Commandant Dr Coverdale in 1874 commenced more than a fortnight earlier, on the 8th May, 1874, in the company of a prisoner whom he had photographed with the alias William Campbell but who was executed at the Hobart Gaol in 1875 with the name Job Smith. Thomas Nevin was in the process of photographing the prison inmates and updating police records against aliases, physical descriptions, and convict shipping records at Port Arthur when the birth of his son Thomas James Nevin jnr, was registered at Hobart on the 26th May 1874 by his father-in-law, master mariner Captain James Day. As a widower, Captain Day was residing at the Elizabeth Street photographic studio with his daughter Elizabeth Rachel and son-in-law Thomas when not at sea. His grandchild Thomas James Nevin jnr, (1874-1948) was born at his father's studio, the City Photographic Establishment, 140 Elizabeth St. Hobart Town, on the 16th April, 1874 and given the exact same name as his father but because Thomas Nevin snr was still at Port Arthur during May working with Dr Coverdale, it was Elizabeth Nevin's father, Captain Day, who signed on the 26th May 1874 the registration of the birth as the informant. It was the only birth registration of all his seven children that Thomas Nevin snr did not personally sign as informant.

Convict Record of Arrival at Hobart, 1852
James Rogers was tried at Birmingham on 12th July 1849 for stealing monies. He was sentenced to seven years, arriving at Hobart on 9th December 1852 on board the Lady Montague. Details on this record show he was 27 yrs old, a lamp maker by trade, 5ft 7in tall, and literate, with a speech impediment. According to this record, he was convicted twice - Again convicted Vide Misc. No. 2725 and again No. 8 No. 2885 - was written across this page.

Prisoner James ROGERS, arrived Hobart per Lady Montague on 9th December 1852
Archives Office Tasmania Ref: CON33-1-110_00231_L

Forging a Fiver: press accounts
When James Rogers was convicted of uttering a forged note in February 1868, and sentenced to 8 yrs, he was about 43 years old. The press paid close attention to this case, reporting on the court's decisions and witness depositions almost daily during February. Lavington George Roope's deposition in particular demonstrated how the Bank of Australasia one pound note, similar to the Victorian one below,  was modified by James Rogers when he tried to pass it off as a fiver.

Above: A rare 1866 Bank of Australasia one pound note issued at Warrnambool, Victoria. The Bank of Australasia Tasmanian issue of the one pound note would have been very similar.
It is likely to be a proof used for the bank archives and was probably contained in a vault for decades upon decades....One pound in the mid-1860s would be directly comparable to $325 in 2015 money.... The note was produced by the Bank of Australasia on September 14, 1866. It reads: “a promise to pay the bearer on demand one pound here or at Melbourne.”
Source: Rare 1866 Warrnambool pound note for sale

Wednesday, 26th February 1868
UTTERING A FORGED BANK NOTE - James Rogers and Frederick Foster were charged on the information of Detective Morley with having on the 21st February inst feloniously uttered a forged bank note for £5 with intent to defraud.
On the application of the informing officer they were remanded to next day.

Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954)  Wed 26 Feb 1868  Page 2  LAW.

Thursday, 27th February 1868
UTTERING FORGED BANK NOTES - James Rogers and Frederick Foster were charged on remand with having uttered forged notes of the Bank of Australasia.

On the application of Detective Morley the prisoner Foster was discharged, there being no evidence available against him.

Lavington George Roope deposed : I am a clerk of the Bank Of Australasia, in Hobart Town. The note produced is a £1 note of our bank which has been altered to a £5 note. In the right hand corner the figure 1 has been erased and the word "Five" has been written in. One of the numbers has also been erased in two places. The O and part of the N in the body of the note have been erased, and an F and an I have been substituted. The letter S has been added to the word pound. The word " at" has been erased in the body of the note. The words one pound in the left hand bottom corner of the note have been erased, and the words five pounds have been written in in old English letters. In the genuine £5 notes these words are in old English letters. The letters O and part of the N printed in green across the note have been erased, and the letters F and I have been substituted, making the word " Five". I can trace the erasures in most places but not distinctly in the large letters.

John Hutchinson deposed : I am cashier at the Commercial Bank in this town. I know Timothy Troy now present. I recollect his coming to the bank last Monday morning to make a deposit. A five pound note attracted my attention. It was originally a £1 note, and now purports to be a £5 of the bank of Australasia. I called Mr. Troy's attention to this circumstance, and asked him where he got it. I cautioned him, took the number of the note,and forwarded information to the police. Troy then left the bank.

Alderman Cook here took his seat on the Bench. The prisoner in the last case was removed a time from the Court.

UTTERING FORGED BANK NOTES.-The hearing of the previous case was then resumed.

Timothy Troy, licensed victualler, deposed ; I keep the Help me through the World hotel in Liverpool-street. I remember the prisoner coming to my house between nine and ten in company with Frederick Foster now present. The prisoner called for a pot of beer, which I served him with. He paid me 6d. for it. Afterwards the prisoner asked whether I could change a bank note, saying that if I could he would have some more drink. I said " Oh, yes, I will change it." He then called for another pot of beer, and I served him with it. He then gave me the note and I brought him down 19s. 6d. change. Prisoner said, " I gave you a five." I got a candle, brought the note back and four other notes, and said, " you are right, it is a five." I then gave him the remainder of the change. That was the only £5 note I remember having in my possession for months. The men had some more drink after that, and the prisoner paid for it. I think they went away together. They both came again on the Monday night, and had some drinks. The prisoner paid for them with a £1 note. I said, " is this another five ? " He, said not, but you can have another if you like, and putting his hand in his pocket produced another note. I gave him change of the £1. The men went away together again. On the following Monday morning I went to the Commercial Bank to pay in some money. I handed the deposit to Mr. Hutchinson. I told him I had got it on the previous Friday night. Mr. Hutchinson called my attention to the note, and told me it was a £1 note altered to a £5 note. I went to the shop where the man was working to see him, Mr. Swain's foundry, and not finding him their I handed the note over to Detective Morley. The note produced is the same. The prisoner has been several times at my place-not very often.

Frederick Foster, deposed : I am an iron moulder residing in Upper Liverpool-street. I know the prisoner. He has been a fellow work-man of mine for the last six years. He came to the gate of my house last Friday night. He said, " Will you go and have a drink of beer?" I said " Yes." We went to the house of the last witness, Troy. We had a pot of beer and the prisoner paid for it. We had another pot of beer, and the prisoner tendered something similar to a note. Mr. Troy went away, was absent a short time, and then came back with 19s. 6d. which he put on the counter. The prisoner said " It was a £5 note I gave you," Troy said, "Was it, Rogers, I am very near sighted." He also said to his daughter, "Light me a candle, Mary Ann." He then took the candle and went up stairs to the box, as I supposed. In a short time he came back with a note in his hand, and said, " All right, Rogers, it is a £5 note." He gave it to his wife, who looked at it, and said, " Oh, yes, Rogers, it is a £5 note." The mother gave it to her son, who was sitting behind her, and he looked at it and said, " Oh, yes, it is a £5 note." The son gave it back to his mother, and I saw no more of it. Mr. Troy gave Rogers the balance of the note, deducting the price of the pot of beer. Rogers then paid for another pot of beer, had a drink out of it a then left me there. I went with the prisoner to Troy's on the following Sunday night. We had some more drink there. Rogers paid for it with what I believe to have been a £1 note. There was nothing said that I remember about £5 notes at that time. The prisoner was not at work after dinner time last Thursday. He had not been discharged to my knowledge. I don't think he had been. I did not see any more money with the prisoner on the Friday or Sunday than the £5 note and the £1 note. I think the prisoner's wages were 5ds 6p a day. I knew no other means that he had making money beyond his trade. He has been in the habit of earning a few shillings in the beer-engine way, and in repairing pipes and the like, in over hours work. He is a brass-founder. He worked for anyone who would give him a job. I never saw him write. I know he used to put down his time for Mr. Swain on a Saturday.

At this stage the prisoner was remanded to Friday next, to afford the police time to make some further enquiries,

The Court then rose.

Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954)Thu 27 Feb 1868 Page 2 LAW.

Saturday, 29th February 1868
BEFORE the Stipendiary Magistrate.

UTTERING A FORGED BANK NOTE - James Rogers was brought up on a charge of uttering a forged promissory note on the Bank of Australia.

The prisoner was the same man who was examined on a similar charge on Wednesday last, and who was then remanded for the production of further evidence.

Edward Daniel Swan, a clerk of the Bank of Australasia deposed that the note produced was a £1 note of the Bank to which he belonged which had been altered as to resemble a £5 note. It was presented to him by Mr. Barclay, a clerk of the Commercial Bank, to be unchanged. When it was recognised as a forgery Mr. Barclay took it away.

Mary Linton deposed : I am a married woman residing with my husband Samuel Linton, a shoemaker. I know the prisoner, who has been in the habit of coming to my shop to make purchases. About 8 o'clock last Saturday evening week he came and bought things to the amount of 19s.6d., which he paid in silver. He came again between 9 and 10 o'clock to exchange a coat he had bought from me the same evening for another worth more money. He gave me what appeared to me to be a £5 note. Not having change myself I went into Mrs. McLaren's to procure it. She said she had not change. She handed the note to my daughter, who goes on errands for her, to go out for change, my daughter went and returned with the change to my shop and I handed it to the prisoner. I believe the change was four notes and £1 in silver. My husband refused to let the prisoner have the coat, and the prisoner then went away. The prisoner was dressed in working clothing when he came to make the first purchases that evening. I don't think I should know the note presented by the prisoner to me. The note produced is like it.

Mary Ann Linton, daughter of the last witness, deposed : I am 12 years old. On Saturday night week last, my mother came to Mrs. McLaren's for change of a note. Mrs. McLaren had not change, and she gave the note to me to get change at Mr. Sherwin's. Mr. Sherwin changed it for me, giving me four £1 notes, and £1 in silver. I gave the change to the prisoner in my mother's shop. My mother and father were present at the time.

John Thomas Hutchinson deposed : I am cashier of the Commercial Bank. I know Mr. Sherwin now present. He came, to our bank on the 20th instant to make a deposit. I counted the money over in his presence. There were two £5 notes in it, one of which attracted my attention. It was on the Bank of Australasia, and just such another as that now produced. The other was I think on the Bank of Van Diemen's Land. I saw there was some peculiarity in the Bank of Australasia note, but I told Mr. Sherwin I could not see what it was. I did not take the number of the note at the time. I took the note intending to look into it, but being, I think, past 3 o'clock at the time, and being very busy, it entirely slipped my memory. Next day it went up in the usual course by the exchange clerk to the Bank of Australasia to be exchanged. It was Mr. Barclay who look it. He brought it back immediately afterwards. In consequence of what he told me I said, " That is the note I took from Mr. Sherwin last night; take it back to him at once." I saw no more of it after that.

William Sherwin deposed : I am a butcher carrying on business in Liverpool-street. I know the little girl, Mary Ann Linton, now present. On the evening of last Saturday week she came to my place for change of a £5 note.  I looked at the note against the gas-light, but could not detect anything wrong in it. I don't remember noticing what bank it was on, I changed it, and the girl went away with the change. I don't exactly remember what the change was, but I gave her some silver I know. I cannot say positively that the note produced in the same, but I have every reason to believe it is. I put the note with my other money. There was only one other £5 note amongst the money, and that was on the Bank of Van Diemen's Land. I took it to the Commercial Bank with the other money on the following Thursday.

His Worship the Mayor here took his seat on the Bench. Witness continued: I handed the notes to Mr. Hutchinson. I saw him looking at tho note I took from the girl. I asked what he was looking at? He said "Nothing particular. but I thought it looked rather queer." I asked if it was right, and he said, " Yes. it would pass". I then left the bank. Next day young Barclay brought me up the same note I paid, and which I received from the girl Linton. Barclay said he wanted me to change the note because it was a forgery, I gave him another  note for it. I handed the note to Mr. Propsting."

Police Superintendent Propsting deposed : I know Mr, Sherwin, the last witness. On Friday last he gave me the bank note note now produced.

Detective Morley deposed that on Monday last in consequence of information received he went with Detective Tickers to the prisoner's place in Campbell-street. He found prisoner in the yard, and apprehended him for uttering forged bank notes. He said nothing. Witness took him up stairs to a room, and told him he would search it. After witness had been searching for about five minutes prisoner said, " You'll not find any notes'." Vickers was afterwards turning over some rubbish in a corner when prisoner said, "You will find no thing there but some screws belonging to me." I then saw Vickers find a bunch of skeleton keys. I brought the prisoner to the watch-house. On searching him there found two £1 notes in his right sock, two half-crowns in his left sock, and £1 and some silver in his pocket, making a total of £3 15s. 12 1/2d. Two hours prior to the prisoner's apprehension I received from the witness Troy's bank note purporting to be for £5, which Mr. Troy marked and took tho number of in my presence.

The prisoner was then committed for trial.

Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Sat 29 Feb 1868 Page 4 LAW.

Wednesday, 8th July 1868
BEFORE His Honor Sir Francis Smith.
James Rogers pleaded guilty to uttering a promissory note, knowing it to be forged.

Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wed 8 Jul 1868 Page 2 LAW INTELLIGENCE

Thursday, 9th July 1868
James Rogers, convicted on his own confession of uttering, was sentenced to be imprisoned for eight years.

Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Thu 9 Jul 1868 Page 3 LAW INTELLIGENCE.

The sentence at the Supreme Court, Hobart, was recorded in the Police Gazette in this notice:

Source: Tasmania Reports of Crime for Police, J. Barnard, Gov't Printer

At the criminal sittings of July 1868 at the the Supreme Court, Hobart, James ROGERS, per Lady Montague, Free in Servitude, was sentenced to eight (8) years for  uttering a forged order. Several other prisoners convicted on this date were later photographed for police records by Thomas J. Nevin at the Supreme Court, the Hobart Gaol and Mayor's Court during incarceration and on discharge, and again if a repeat offender. James Rogers' further convictions - if any - prior to his death in 1899 - will be added in this space if discovered from primary sources.

Along with James Rogers in the above list of those convicted in this month of July 1868 are at least nine more men, all recalcitrants, whose photographs are also included on this website. Commercial photographer Thomas J. Nevin was the government contractor for this purpose at the commencement of  legislation in NSW, Victoria and Tasmania from February, 1872:

William (Emmanuel) BLORE cattle stealing, 8 years
James BRADY uttering a forged cheque, 8 years
William CLEMO carnally assaulting a child under 12 years, 7 years
James GEARY stealing a cow, 6 years
William HALL uttering a forged order, 8 years
Charles WARD alias HAYES burglary, 7 years
William WELLHAM larceny 8 years

At the Hobart Gaol & Port Arthur Prison
Prior to sentencing in 1868, James Rogers was convicted and imprisoned at the Hobart Town Gaol in 1855 and 1856 for stealing monies, a watch and house breaking. This document shows his earnings from arrival at Port Arthur on 16th August 1868 as a result of the eight year sentence:

James Rogers, Folio 177
Port Arthur Conduct register 1868-69
Archives Office Tasmania
Ref: CON94-1-1 Image 378

Discharged, 27th May 1874
James Rogers was discharged from the Port Arthur prison during the week ending 27th May 1874. He was 48 years old, FS (free in servitude) according to the notice published in the weekly police gazette. He was photographed by Thomas J. Nevin in the previous week, as per regulations, between 23rd May and the date of discharge, 26th May 1874, from the Port Arthur prison. Had Nevin still been in Hobart before that date he could have registered the birth of his son, Thomas James Nevin jr, born on the 16th April, 1874 to his wife Elizabeth Rachel Nevin at their studio, the City Photographic Establishment, 140 Elizabeth St. Hobart Town,  in April. But because of his government contractor commitments to photograph prisoners and update records, he was detained at Port Arthur, 60 kms south of Hobart. His father-in-law, (his wife Elizabeth's father) master mariner Captain James Day, signed the birth registration of Thomas James Nevin jnr as informant instead, the only birth registration of all his seven children that Thomas Nevin snr did not personally sign as informant.

Source: Tasmania Reports of Crime for Police, J. Barnard, Gov't Printer

In all probability, James Rogers committed further offences well into his senior years, and when or if the primary documents are located, they will be added. He seems not have married nor, it would seem, did he leave the colony of Tasmania, dying as a pauper at the New Town Charitable Institution at the relatively healthy old age of 74 yrs, give or take the onset of senility, registered here as the cause of death.

Death, 28th July, 1899
James ROGERS, male, 74 yrs old, laborer, born in England, died of senilis at the New Town Charitable Institution,  once the Queen's Orphan School which closed in 1879.

James Rogers, 28th July 1899
Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1899:
Archives Office Tasmania
Ref: 007368138_00548

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