Thursday, July 7, 2016

Captain Goldsmith, three bloodstock fillies and a larboard collision

ABORIGINAL manufactures exports on the DERWENT
JAMES and JOHN LORD horse breeders

There is a suburb north of Hobart named Goodwood, close to the Elwick Race Track which was established on land owned by pharmacist John Wilkinson in 1875. By chance or design, the stock of racehorses imported by the brothers John and James Lord to Hobart in 1850 on board the Rattler, Captain Goldsmith in command, were from the blood stock of the Duke of Richmond, of Goodwood House, West Sussex, England.

Racehorses Belonging To The Duke Of Richmond Exercising At Goodwood
Artist: George Stubbs Date: 1760-1761

The seat of the Duke of Richmond Goodwood House, West Sussex, England.
By Ian Stannard from Southsea, England - Goodwood House 2011
Many famous horses were winners of the Goodwood Cup. Priam, owned by the Earl of Chesterfield, won the Goodwood Cup in 1831 and 1832 and was the first Derby winner to graduate to success in the Cup. The famous mare Alice Hawthorn, known as ‘The Queen of the Turf’, was winner of fifty-two races in seven seasons before being the dam of a Derby winner, Thormanby. She won the Goodwood Cup in 1844.

Illustrated London News 1843. Goodwood Horse Races Duke Richmond Prize Cup

Arrival of three blood fillies on the Rattler 1850
SHIPPING NEWS Port of Hobart Town ...
December 14 - Arrived the barque Rattler, 522 tons, Goldsmith, from the Downs 26th August, with a general cargo. Cabin--Mr. and Mrs. Cox ; Mr. and Mrs. Vernon ; Matthew and Henry Worley, C. J. Gilbert; steerage, Mrs. Downer, John Williams, Wm. Merry, Charles Daly.
December 14 - Sailed the barque Derwent, 404 tons. Harmsworth, for London, with a general cargo.

Three blood fillies for the Lord brothers on board the Rattler
The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 - 1880) Thu 19 Dec 1850 Page 920 SHIP NEWS.

The Rattler, Captain Goldsmith, arrived on Saturday, after an average passage of 110 days, having left on the 26th August. She consequently brings no additional items of intelligence, but several intermediate papers. Capt. Goldsmith has on board three very fine blood fillies purchased by Mr. John Lord, from the stock of the Duke of Richmond. The fillies are three years old, and have arrived in first rate condition, sufficiently evidencing the care and attention which have been paid to them on the passage. One was purchased for Mr. James Lord, and the other two for Mr. John Lord's own stud. They will prove valuable additions to our stock, the Duke of Richmond's stock comprising the best blood of England. Captain Goldsmith, to whom the colony is much indebted for many choice plants and flowers, has brought out with him seven cases of plants this voyage, all of which are in good order. On coming up the river, the Rattler got into collision with the Derwent, and had her larboard quarter gallery carried away. The Rattler was hove too waiting for the Pilot to come on board, and the Derwent coming down with a fair wind came rather too close, for the purpose of speaking her, and struck her on the larboard gallery, carrying it away. — Advertiser.
"Larboard" was the common term used for the left side of the ship facing forward (Middle-English ladebord related to load), a term in usage well into 1850s although the Royal Navy ordered the word "port" to be used after 1844, port being the side the ship would tie up at the wharf. Starboard is the right-hand side, facing forward. Since port and starboard never change, they are unambiguous references that are not relative to the observer. The barque Rattler 522 tons, Goldsmith, master arrived in the River Derwent on December 14th, and hove to while waiting for the Pilot to board, just as the barque Derwent, 404 tons, Harmsworth, master, was departing, and was caught in a strong wind while attempting to signal ("speak to") the Rattler. The Derwent struck the Rattler, carrying away the larboard gallery at the stern near the rudder, resulting in repairs to both vessels but especially to the Rattler which remained in Hobart at Captain Goldsmith's shipyard below the "paddock", the Queen's Domain, until ready again for the voyage to London on 19th March 1851. After five successful round-trips with Captain Goldsmith at the helm, from the Rattler's maiden voyage in 1846, to this incident in December 1850, the collision may well have been a factor in Captain Goldsmith handing over the Rattler in 1851 to Captain Wardell who sailed her back to Hobart in 1852.

No. 5 Derwent photographed at Port Philip [s.n.]
Stamped on verso Melbourne Public Library
Date: ca. 1865
State Library of Victoria Ref: 1728676

Who paid for the damage to the Rattler? Captain Edward Goldsmith was a director of The Hobart Town and Launceston Marine Insurance Company along with Askin Morrison. Henry Hopkins, Thomas Giblin, and John Foster, which was established in 1836 and paid out at London, per this advertisement published monthly in Tasmanian newspapers during the 1840s-1850s:

Hobart Town and Launceston Marine Insurance Company
Colonial Times, Hobart, 8th June 1855

The shipping broker at London for this particular voyage of the Rattler to VDL, cleared at the Downs in August 1850, was Devitt & Co. With his partner Joseph Moore, Thomas Devitt's insurance was recorded on this cocket for £4000, equivalent in today's money around £234,120.00. Other export brokers' cockets for this voyage were signed off for values ranging from £1500 (William Roberston, image 694) to £2000 (Marshall & Edridge, image 732; Joseph Elliott, image 696; R. M. Forbes, image 692, and G. & J. Dugard, image 682).

Exporter's insurance from Devitt & Co. underwriter Charles Seal
Cargo cocket per Rattler cleared at London 22nd August 1850
Archives Office Tasmania Ref: CUS36/1/442, image 658.

Thomas Henry Devitt & Joseph Moore were ship brokers who founded a London shipping company  in 1836 with passengers and cargo vessels on the Great Britain and Australia route operating from 1863 until the end of the First World War, most in sailing vessels and later in steam. Brokers for this voyage of the Rattler to the value of £4000, the printed name of Devitt  & Co. was underwritten in transcript with the name of Charles Seal who owned the biggest whaling fleet in the colony of VDL by 1850 . Charles Seal's shipping office was at 20 Salamanca Place, Hobart. Among his ships were the Highlander, Sussex, Southern Cross, Cheviot, Litherland, Pacific, Dundee Merchant, Prince Leopold, Pride and Maria Orr. Read more about Charles Seal here at ADB.

Exports per the Derwent December 1850

Exports per Derwent,
The Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859) Wed 18 Dec 1850 Page 2 SHIPPING NEWS.

Per Derwent, for London - 46 butts sperm oil, 23 cwt 3qrs 16lbs old copper, 29 tons bark, 20 packages arrowroot, 4700 horns, 4000 treenails, 18 piece blue gum, 290 bales wool, 9 butts southern oil, Brown & Co.; 15 bales leather, D. Moses; 1 case (fossil tree), R. Barker; 30 bales wool, W. A Bethune; 100 bales wool, H. F. Anstey; 12 bales wool, G. F. Read; 42 bales wool, L. Roope; 11 bales wool, G. Gellibrand; 112 bundles whalebone, 67 bales wool, Nathan, Moses and Co.; 490 bales wool, 67 bales leather, I. G. Reeves; 4 pieces iron pump, 1 bundle pump work, W.A. Guesdon; 41 cases 18 casks 4 bales 4 rugs, 7 pieces timber, 1 bundle whalebone, 1 whale jaw (specimens of manufactures and natural history), Dr. Milligan; 5 boxes horn tips, M. Anderson; 1 box accounts, Collector of Customs.
Somewhere in the "specimens of manufacture and natural history" exported by Dr. Milligan on this load per the barque Derwent to London and most likely on other shipments between 1847 and late 1850 were Tasmanian Aboriginal artefacts, and probably this water carrier made of kelp, donated by Dr. Milligan, superintendent of the Oyster Cove Aboriginal group, to the British Museum in 1851. It was exhibited at the Great Exhibition of All Nations, London, 1851. See the ADDENDA below for the full list of items from Van Diemen's Land sourced from the Great Exhibition 1851 catalogue Vol. 2l, pp 992-1000.

Page 997: No. 231: "Model of a water-pitcher, made by the aborigines of Van Diemen's Land."

Watch the video as Julie Gough on a visit to the BM carefully removes it from the box and examines the original label.

"Pitcher of the Aborigines of V. D. Land Made of Kelp"
Unknown maker
Donor Joseph Milligan 1851
Model water vessel made of seaweed (kelp)
British Museum, OC 1851, 1122.2
Great Exhibition London #234, 5 x 2.5 inches

Julie Gough
Tomalah 2015
video, HDMI, mp4, 16:9, H264, 1080p, sound, 4:50 min:sec
"The film accompanying the object, TOMALAH, intersperses footage I made of myself unpacking the original kelp carrier in the BM in 2013, with scenes from the coast where the original kelp, plants, sand would have been sourced in c.1850. The sounds of these places emanate around the Time Keeper carrier. It was my original intent that this carrier and the video projection would have been exhibited near the original ‘historic’ kelp carrier in Australia, hence enabling it to know of our solidarity and recognition of its plight, as well as our cultural continuum, and changing knowledge of how to make these objects, and for me most importantly, that it would be able to hear, for the first time in 165 years, the place from where it came, some attempt to redress what I call the Impossible Return".

Imports per the Rattler December 1850
Among the tons of imports, including very large shipments of alcohol and tobacco, were three horses, signed off as shipped on this cocket from the London Docks,

Detail of cocket below:
"3 Horses" signed off marked as shipped ex London Docks per Rattler 22 Aug 1850

Cargo cockets per Rattler cleared at London 22nd August 1850
Archives Office Tasmania Ref:  CUS36/1/442, image 659.

Imports arrived at Hobart per Rattler:
Order; 3 horses, J. Lord
The Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859) Wed 18 Dec 1850 Page 2 SHIPPING NEWS.

See this article on the cargo ex London docks per Rattler from the Downs, 26th August 1850 and the digital scans of the cargo cockets viewable at Linc Tasmania online, CUS36/1/442, images 654-789.

The three fillies aboard the Rattler disembarked at Hobart apparently unscathed by the passage and the bump with the Derwent. A famous horse to survive a total shipwreck, that of the iron single screw steamer S.S. Admella in 1859 en route from Adelaide to Melbourne and Launceston was The Barber, a brindle gelding on his way to Melbourne for the Champions Race. During a heavy swell, the horse got down in its box, and the Captain let the ship drift while the horse was put back on his feet. This changed the ship's bearings, and next morning the steamer struck Carpenter's Reef near Mt. Gambier, breaking into pieces. Of the 29 crew and 89 passengers, several drowned, many died from exposure, stranded without food for eight days clinging to the hulk or perched on rocks, and some were taken by sharks. The horse, The Barber, had disappeared into the sea and managed to swim two kms in shark-infested waters to reach shore. When he was found wandering in the scrub, he was walked to Geelong, put on the train to Melbourne, and in October, was started in the inaugural Australian Champions Sweepstakes. He finished unplaced. The following month he won a race at Williamstown.* John Lord entered two horses in the same inaugural Australian Champions Sweepstakes as W. Filgate had done for The Barber in 1859: Sir Hercules, sired by Lugar out of Mirror, and Quickstep by Lugar out of Esplanade. Esplanade and Mirror were two of the three fillies arriving in Hobart on board the Rattler in December 1850 (see race result below).


The Bay horse Nimblefoot, standing about 15 hands 3 inches was bred by Mr John Lord, of Tasmania, and is by Panic, out of Quickstep who figured in the championship race at Melbourne in 1859. Nimblefoot does not much resemble his Sire, and is indeed a somewhat lazy horse put loosely together and does not give the idea of possessing any great staying power.

Nimblefoot: 1863 bay gelding Panic GB - Quickstep
Bred by John Lord, Tasmania
Owned by Sam Blackwood, then Joe Thompson and then Walter Craig
Trained by William Lang
Principal Wins
1870 VRC Hotham Hcp 18f
1870 VRC Melbourne Cup 16f
1871 VRC Australian Cup 16f
£1280 Attendance: 30000 Sts:28
1 . NIMBLEFOOT 6.3 J. Day 12
2 . Lapdog 7.0 J. Wilson Jr 5 ef
3 . Valentine 6.4 H. Howard 20
1/2 head x 4 lens 3:37.0 (*rec)
5/1= Warrior Unpl
Original Topweight : Tim Whiffler 10.0

Three fillies, three years old, arrived at Hobart, VDL (Tasmania) on the Rattler under the command of Captain Edward Goldsmith on 19th December 1850, imported by the brothers John and James Lord from the blood stock of the Duke of Richmond, West Sussex. Both brothers were keen sportsmen, James a stalwart of the Midlands Hunt Club and John a renowned breeder of racehorses. John Lord's horses won the Melbourne Cup and the Australian Champion Sweepstakes. Although not named when the three fillies disembarked in Hobart in December 1850, one was later known as Mirror, which became a well-regarded brood mare for John Carr Lord, John Lord's son, and the second of the three was most likely to become known as Esplanade, b. 1847, dam of Quickstep b. 1853 (Quickstep was sired by Lugar with Esplanade). Nimblefoot was born in 1863 to Quickstep and Panic, bred by John Lord, and won the Melbourne Cup in 1870.


Australian Champion Sweepstakes
Flemington, 1 October 1859
Of £100 each, half forfeit, with 500 sovs. added; the second horse to receive 200 sov. out of the stakes if three start, or save his stake if two only start ; the third horse to receive 50 sovs.
Three miles Weight for age — 3 yrs. old, 6 st. 8 Ibs 4 yrs. 9 st. 5 years 9 st. 12 lbs 6yrs & aged, 10 at. 4 lbs (65.5kg) mares and geldings allowed 3 lbs (1.5kg)

Mr. W. Field's aged, b.g. Camel by Conrad— Black Sal. (TAS)
Mr. Reilly's aged,ch.g. Nutwith by Tom Jones — Jeannette (VIC)
Mr. Henderson's aged br.h. Quiz-the-Wind, , by Dolo — Rosebud. (VIC)
Mr. Redwood's aged b.g. Strop by II Barbiere — Jessica. (NZ)
Mr. W. Filgate's aged br.g. The Barber by Sandboy. (SA)
Mr. W. P. Simon's aged bl.g. The Moor, by Walrus — Madcap (VIC)
Mr. Dougharty's aged br.g. Tomboy, by The Premier— Flight. (VIC)
Mr. Goldsbrough's aged gr.m. Alice Hawthorn, by Delapre-Polly M'Quin. (VIC)
Mr. Tait's aged bl.m. Zingara, by II Barbiere-Gipsy. (NSW)
Mr. Tait's aged ch.m. Zoe. by Sir Hercules— Flora Mclvor (NSW)
Mr. Bavin's 6 yrs.,gr.g. Flatcatcher, by Dolo— Gannymede.
Mr. J. Lord's 6 yrs bl.g. Sir Hercules, by Lugar— Mirror. (TAS)
Mr. G. Doppa's 6 yrs ch.m. Phoebe, by Sir Hercules —Woodstock. (NSW)
Mr. Redwood's 6 yrs b.m. Miss Bowe, bv Sir Hercules-Miss Millar. (NZ)
Mr. J. Lord's 6 yrs,b.m. Quickstep, by Lugar— Esplanade. (TAS)
Mr. Henderson's 5 vrs b.g. Sailor, by Sailor — Maid of the Forest. (VIC)
Mr. J. Field's 5 yrs. b.h. Swordsman, (TAS)
Mr. Redwood's 4 yrs b.m. Io, by Sir Hercules — Flora Mclvor. (NZ)
Mr. Keighran's 4 yrs,br.h. Praxiteles, by The Premier - Delapre mare (VIC)
Mr. Yuille's 3 yrs. b.g. Flying Buck, , by Warhawk— Wilhelmina. (VIC)
Mr. Lang's 3 yrs. br.c. Flying Jib, by The Premier— ShiEl-na-Guira. (VIC)

Notes :
The Barber is nominated in the name of his trainer. His owner was Hurtle Fisher.
Quickstep is the dam of Melbourne Cup winners Nimblefoot and The Quack
Io is the grand dam of Melbourne Cup winner The Pearl and Frailty, dam of Trenton
Zingara is the dam of Dundee, winner of the inaugural Epsom & Doncaster Hcps
John Field is the breeder of Melbourne Cup winners Malua and Sheet Anchor
Praxiteles was later renamed Mormon
Alice Hawthorn(e) was nominated by VJC Chairman Richard Goldsbrough but her owner was Andrew Chirnside

Mr. Yulle's 3yo b g FLYING BUCK by Warhawk*-Wilhemina (Yeend) 1st
Mr. Tait's aged ch m Zoe by Sir Hercules - Flora McIvor (Ashworth) 2nd
Mr.Reilly's aged ch g Nutwith by Tom Jones - Jeanette (Bentley) 3rd
10 lengths by 3 lengths 5.57½

James Lord and John Lord
"The richest Man in the Island" and director of the Van Diemen's Land Bank, David Lord died on 12 April 1847. He was survived by his wife Hannah, née Morley, who died on 25 June 1867. They left two sons, James (1808-1881) and John (1814-1890), both of whom became members of the Legislative Council, and three daughters. Read more about David Lord at ADB here.

Henry and Matthew Morley, immediate relatives of Hannah Lord nee Morley, the mother of John and James Lord, sailed out from London on board the Rattler, arriving 14 December 1850 as the overseers of  the three fillies on board. Their purchase on behalf of James and John Lord was most likely through the Earl of Chesterfield, winner of several Goodwood Cups with bloodstock from the Duke of Richmond.( Rattler's cockets, CUS36/1/442 images 654-789).

Left: James Lord;
Right: John Lord

Surname: LORD
Given Names: James
Title and Honours: Mr
Date and Place of Birth: 6 September 1808 - Halifax, Yorkshire, England
Date of Death: 22 May 1881 - Hobart, Tasmania
House of Assembly: 12 November 1862
Electorate: Oatlands
Positions Held:
Minister: No
Date of Departure: September 1871
Reason for Departure:
Legislative Council: 26 April 1876
Electorate: Pembroke
Party: Independent
Positions Held:
Minister: No
Date of Departure: 22 May 1881
Reason for Departure: Died in office.
Comments: Brother of John Lord MHA; Uncle of Alfred Lord MHA, MLC.

Surname: LORD
Given Names: John
Title and Honours: Mr
Date and Place of Birth: 20 May 1814 - Halifax, Yorkshire, England
Date of Death: 13 January 1890 - Hobart, Tasmania
House of Assembly: (1) 27 May 1864 (2) 3 December 1866
Electorate: Hobart Town
Positions Held:
Minister: No
Date of Departure: (1) October 1866 (2) September 1871
Reason for Departure: (2) Seat abolished.
Legislative Council: (1) 10 May 1855 (2) 28 August 1873
Electorate: (1) Hobart Town (2) Cambridge
Party: Independent
Positions Held:
Minister: No
Date of Departure: (1) August 1856 (2) 13 January 1890
Reason for Departure: Died in office.
Comments: Father of Alfred Lord (MLC Brighton, Cambridge); brother of James Lord (MLC Oatlands, Pembroke).
House of Assembly Long Room Picture: 86

The estate of Hobartville, one of the many properties owned by the Lord brothers, was inherited from their father David Lord. An extensive landholding located at North Hobart, the estate was a stabling post for Samuel Page's Royal Mail coaches on the main road service to Launceston, and a starting point for hunts across Knocklofty. With Sir James Agnew and James Lord, Samuel Page helped to found the Tasmanian Racing Club in Hobart. James Lord died at Hobartville in May 1881, his widow, Mary, died there three years later. On her death, most of the estate was subdivided for residential development when it was offered at auction in 1885. Five acres surrounding the house were retained until it was purchased in 1888 by the Friends' School.
Plan of Hobartville Estate, suburbs of Hobart, Tasmania the property of the late James Lord, Esq., for sale by auction, by Thomas Westbrook, Esq., on the premises, New Town Road.
Map data: Scale 1 chain equals 1 inch
Publication Information: [Hobart : s.n.], 1885]
Physical description: 1 map ; 87 x 70 cm.

Hobartville ca. 1900?

Descendants of the Lord family at a hunt meet
The Midland Hunt Club assembled with hounds outside the Melton Mowbray Hotel
for the Meet of Mr CARR-LORD on 22 June 1907
ADRI: PH30-1-9304 (unattributed)
Source: Archives Office of Tasmania
Series: Miscellaneous Collection of Photographs. 1860 - 1992 (PH30)

Another Tasmanian item of interest which was exhibited at the Great London Exhibition in 1851 recently surfaced at an Antiques Road Show UK (broadcast on ABC TV Australia 13th July 2016, Series 32, Episode 26) - a loo-table made of Huon Pine crafted by cabinet-maker James Lumsden, purchased by a Mr. Loft from the Exhibtion and acquired by its present owner from her mother's friend 100 years later in the 1950s, now damaged by dogs chewing the pedestal. View the ARS video segment here.

This is the full list of items from Van Diemen's Land exhibited at the Great Exhibition (London, 1851) sourced from the Great Exhibition catalogue Vol. 2, pp 992-1000.

Click each for large view.

A somewhat similar table top made of Huon pine is held at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. It is attributed to William Hamilton and dated 1845. Unlike the loo-table by James Lumsden, the pedestal for this table was made of a non-native cedar.

Huon pine table, TMAG Collection, attr. William Hamilton 1845
Photos copyright © KLW NFC 2016

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Thursday, June 16, 2016

Trout and salmon ova for New Zealand 1873


Here is a stereograph attributed to Tasmanian photographer Samuel Clifford ca. 1868 which was cleanly mounted in a binocular frame. The examples below, in relation to Stephen Budden's visit to Tasmania in 1873, were not so fortunate to survive in such original condition. They were printed first as slides from the glass plate negative, using black circular or rectangular masks, and were subsequently printed from the slide onto a stereographic mount, leaving the blackened edges of the mask visible.

Salmon Ponds, nr. New Norfolk
Author: Clifford, Samuel, 1827-1890.
Publication Information: 1868.
Physical description: 1 stereoscopic pair of photographs : sepia toned ; each 7 cm. in diam.
Notes:Circular imagess
Archives Office Tasmania

Stephen Budden, commercial agent from Lyttleton, New Zealand for the Canterbury Acclimatisation Society arrived at New Wharf, Hobart, Tasmania, on 4th August 1873, the sole passenger aboard the brig Chanticleer under command of Capt. G. A. Phillips. His mission was to superintend a shipment of salmon and salmon trout ova back to New Zealand. With assistance from the Tasmanian Acclimatisation Society and naturalist and amateur photographer, Morton Allport, who was instrumental in the introduction of salmon ova and European fish to Tasmania in the 1860s, two shipments were sent: the first of salmon trout ova was accompanied by Stephen Budden on the Clematis, departing 29th August; and the second of 500 brown trout ova destined for the Auckland Climatisation Society left on the Bella Mary on the 23rd August 1873. As a result of Stephen Budden's successful mission, Morton Allport was made an honorary life member of the Otago Acclimatisation Society.

The first Mercury report of Stephen Budden's arrival in Hobart assumed he was an official of the New Zealand Government. On reading it, he penned a letter to the editor, requesting correction.

Stephen Budden arrives in Hobart, mistakenly reported as a NZ Gov't official
Source: The Mercury, 4th August 1873

The brig Chanticleer, Captain G. A. Phillips, from Lyttleton, New Zealand, in ballast, came into port on Saturday afternoon.... She has one passenger, a Mr Budden, who has come up on the part of the New Zealand Government to superintend the shipment of trout and salmon trout ova to New Zealand.
Stephen Budden may have taken this photograph of rocks, perhaps because the rocks were being unloaded as ballast from the brig Chanticleer at New Wharf, or because those rocks were destined for  Dr. Julius Haarst, NZ Government Geologist and Naturalist. The original photograph might have been taken by Stephen Budden's counterpart, Morton Allport,. Although attributed to Samuel Clifford (at Douglas Stewart Fine Books), the reprint from the lantern slide showing the black circular mask in a square mount is unlikely to be the final commercial product offered to tourists by Samuel Clifford, or indeed his partner Thomas Nevin in the 1870s:

Douglas Stewart Fine Books
Hobart Town from the Wharf
CLIFFORD, Samuel (1827-1890) (attributed) # 12743
[Title from contemporary inscription verso]. 1861-1865. Stereoscopic albumen print photograph, each image approximately 80 x 80 mm, on pale yellow card mount; a 15 mm tear at upper edge, otherwise the albumen prints are in good condition.

Round and square black border masks used for producing magic lantern slides
Source: eBay and The Magic Lantern Society (UK)

Quite a few of these rather unappealing amateur reprints have appeared in the market place in recent times. Most were transcribed in a contemporary hand with general information about the place of capture, eg. a building or scenic view, but with the word "Tasmania" included, simply because the collector was an intercolonial visitor who needed a reminder of the photograph's subject. Some have a note written verso stating what the building or streetscape looked like "30 years ago", eg. St. David's Church in Macquarie Street, dating the print from its original photograph ca. 1870 to ca. 1890. Who was responsible for reprinting these stereographs from the slides with black masks onto a yellow square card, or why they were reprinted in this manner, is not known, but Stephen Budden's brother Frank Budden, was resident of London in the 1880s, and his son's name - T. F. Budden - stamped on the versos of some of these reprints, suggests that the Budden family may be the source of the reprints. Dr Tice Frank Budden became a renowned photographer of trains in Britain in the 1890s.

Nephew of Stephen Budden, T. F. Budden blue stamp and 
Budden also pencilled along right-hand side
Verso of a stereograph taken at Fern Tree Gully Tasmania (eBay item 2016)
Several of these stamped verso taken at the Chudleigh Caves, Tasmania were also on eBay2010

Stephen Budden's letter to the editor requesting correction
Source: The Mercury 5th August 1873

SIR, - I shall feel obliged if you will correct an inaccuracy which occurs in the shipping report of this morning's issue of your paper, with reference to my name It is stated that I have come on behalf of the New Zealand Government, for the salmon trout ova. This is not the case. It is on behalf of the Canterbury Acclimatisation Society that I have come. Your insertion of the above will
Oblige yours, &c.,
Hobart Town
4th August, 1873
Two shipments were sent: one of salmon trout ova was accompanied by Stephen Budden on the Clematis, departing 29th August; and the second of 500 brown trout ova destined for the Auckland Climatisation Society left on the Bella Mary the 23rd August 1873.

Stephen Budden returns to NZ with salmon trout ova
Source: The Mercury 29th August 1873

The brig Clematis, Capt. Johnson, entered and cleared out yesterday for Lyttleton with a full cargo of timber, hops, and bark. She also takes down some Salmon Trout Ova under the charge of S. Budden Esq., for the Canterbury Acclimatisation Society. The Clematis will sail early this morning.
Trout Hatching at the Museum
Stephen Budden spent 25 days in Tasmania. He travelled around and across the island with a group attached to public institutions, whom he thanked in this article. published in the Mercury, 6th September 1873. His collection of photographs, probably sourced from Morton Allport, included scenes taken at Port Arthur, at Grass Tree Hill, Richmond, at Cascades, South Hobart, at Cora Linn in Launceston, on the summit of Mount Wellington, and at Government House, Hobart.

TRANSCRIPT  Sat 6 Sep 1873 Page 1
By the barque Bella Mary, for Auckland, on the 23rd ult., a further shipment of brown trout ova was made by the Salmon Commissioners to the Acclimatisation Society of Auckland, Now Zealand. The ova was packed, under the superintendence of Mr. Buckland, in ice and snow, and it is to be hoped that it will arrive all safe. The shipment now made is 500 brown trout ova.
For some weeks, Mr. Stephen Budden was in Hobart Town, engaged in obtaining salmon trout ova for the Canterbury (New Zealand) Acclimatisation Society. Mr. Budden left a few days ago, and the following, which he sent to us just before leaving, will show the result of his mission :
" Before leaving Tasmania, after a brief sojourn in Hobart Town, I think it is my duty to acknowledge the courtesy and willingness of gentlemen connected with some of the public institutions of this place, who have forwarded my views and assisted me in my endeavour on behalf of the Canterbury Acclimatisation Society of New Zealand. I have adopted this means of acknowledgment and thanks, because the object of my mission possesses a public interest. I do not think the gentlemen alluded to would thank me for inserting their names, neither would I presume to do so without their leave ; but 1 hope they will attribute to me a proper motive, and accept the acknowledgment and thanks on behalf of the above named Society. To these gentlemen who are entrusting to my care specimens for Dr. Julius Haarst (Government Geologist and Naturalist) I have only to say that I will not presume to take upon myself to rob that gentleman of the right and pleasure of acknowledging and returning thanks for himself, which I am very well assured he will do. I have only in conclusion to say, that I came here expecting to find all sorts of difficulties and obstacles in the way of my salmon trout ova mission, but I have found them all removed, and my path cleared before me, by the kindness of the gentlemen referred to,"
On the 19th October, 1870, a resident of Oatlands received from Mr. Morton Allport of Hobart Town, a small bottle of perch ova, with which he, Mr. R. Robinson, at once rowed out into the Lake and deposited in about eighteen inches of water in a sedgy secluded spot. The lake is about 800 acres in extent, or considerably larger than the Government Domain at Hobart Town, and a remarkably fine sheet of water of the average depth of about 10 foot, and swarms with fish food. Nothing was heard of the little jumping things in the eggs, in the bottle, till last January, when a small shoal of fish were seen floating to and fro in the waters on the shores of the lake, and one being caught was forwarded to Mr. Allport in an envelope, for his decision as to its genus, and pronounced a perch by that gentleman. The recent heavy rains, and those of last year, raised the waters of the lake till they flowed out of the outlet at the northern extremity, forming a tributary to the Jordan, and, as a result, a dozen or more perch of various sizes have been washed through the outlet, thus proving satisfactorily that one of Tasmania's lakes, with the thoroughly English name of " Dulverton " has been well stocked with that fine fish. One may fairly predicate, that not the least attractive portion, in days to come, of the enticements, held out by Tasmania to visitors, will be a day's perch fishing, with no licence to pay, in this water, with a summer temperature perhaps the breeziest and most pleasant in Australia, and not bad shooting thrown in.

Many persons have during the past few days had an opportunity of witnessing what, in this colony, is the interesting process of trout-hatching, at the Museum. A hundred ova of the brown trout or salmo fario were obtained from the River Plenty, and placed in a box, containing a large number of pebbles at the bottom, and fresh water. The water is continually being changed, and is kept at a great temperature, The ova were put in on the 11th August, and the first fish was hatched on the 27th of that month. There are now a number of them hatched, and very curious little things they look. The fish are kept in the box till they are about an inch and a half in length, and then they are placed in a fresh water stream to provide their own living. In the box they are fed with insects, and, judging by the ravenous manner in which they seize them, they show their partiality for that description of food.
Source: The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Sat 6 Sep 1873 Page 1 SUMMARY FOR EUROPE

Thomas Nevin at the Salmon Ponds and River Plenty
Samuel Clifford and Thomas Nevin were close friends and colleagues who travelled around Tasmania on photographic excursions in the 1870s and supported each other's business and family interests.

See these related articles:

At the Salmon Ponds, Tasmania
Stereograph by T. Nevin ca. 1873
Blindstamp impress on side of left image
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection 
Ref: Q1994.56.7

Verso: At the Salmon Ponds, Tasmania
Stereograph by T. Nevin ca. 1873
Blindstamp impress on side of left image
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection 
Ref: Q1994.56.7

River Derwent in Flood
Stereograph by T. Nevin ca. 1873
Blindstamp impress on side of left image
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Collection 
TMAG Ref: Q1994.56.21

Above: Photographs of the River Derwent near the Salmon Ponds taken and printed conjointly by Thomas J. Nevin and Samuel Clifford, published in an album titled "Tasmanian Views" 1873. Photos copyright © KLW NFC Imprint 2012. State Library of Tasmania Collections.

The Budden Photograph Collections
These are some of the reprints of stereographs which have surfaced in the market place (fine arts dealers, eBay etc), taken in Tasmania. They were mounted originally on binocular cardboard mounts, then reprinted on yellow square mounts, transcribed on versos with the words "Hobart Town" or "Tasmania" in every instance. The handwriting is uniformly similar on all the versos of these examples.

Verso: Two men and a third who took the photograph
Grass Tree Hill Richmond, Tasmania 1873

Government House Drawing Room, Hobart 1873

Mount Wellington from Mr James Milne Wilson's verandah 1873.

The inscription reads:
Mount Wellington from the "Cascades". Residence of the Hon'ble J. M. Wilson (on the verandah). Member of the Legislative Council Hobart Town. Major of Tasmanian Volunteers. Tasmania

Detail: Mr. J. M. Wilson on his verandah, Cascades..
See notes above on verso of the yellow card

The connection to railways, between this photograph of James Milne Wilson (1812–1880) and its passing down to Stephen Budden's nephew, T. F. Budden whose passion was photographing trains, is Wilson's successful legislation of the Hobart-Launceston main line Railway Act and the 1871 contract for its construction with a 3 ft 6 ins (107 cm) gauge. Read more about (Sir) James Milne Wilson here at Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Dr Tice F Budden Train Collection
Brief biographical notes, example, and references.
Dr Tice F Budden was educated in Bath and at Cambridge University, where he took up photography in 1889. He is considered to be one of the pioneers of railway photography alongside P W Pilcher, E J Bedford, and R H Bleasdale who are also represented in the NRM collections. He initially concentrated on stationary locomotives but soon experimented, taking some of the first photographs of engines in motion. His career as a railway photographer lasted over fifty years - he captured the final years of the GWR broad gauge lines at Ealing in 1892 and took his last pictures near his home in Dorking just after the Second World War.
The 'Budden collection' is composed of twenty-three 4¼ x 3¼ ins glass negatives featuring static views of Southern, Southern Eastern & Chatham, Great Eastern and North British Railway locomotives. There is also an album of prints showing locomotives in Britain, Belgium, Austria and Ireland. The bulk of Budden's work, however, appears in the LGRP collection (qv) which contains about 1,145 of his original negatives and about 200 copies.  Number: 23 negatives with reference contact prints240 prints in an album Date: c 1890 – 1923 Finding aids: The 23 negatives are listed and there are simple captions in the albums. LGRP negatives are listed and can be identified by reference to the registers in sequences 21100 to 22247. Bibliography R Bucknall & Dr T F Budden, Railway Memories (Published by the authors, 1947) John Minnis, 'Dr T F Budden in Cambridge, 1889', British Railway Journal 32, Summer 1990

From the Colonel Stephens Railway Museum
On her arrival back at Lynn, Gazelle was again photographed, this time in the yard of the GER locomotive shed. The cameraman was Dr Tice F. Budden, who had taken up railway photography as an undergraduate at Cambridge in 1889, and had evidently been tipped off that there would be a chance to record an unusual event. In one of the photographs "Gazelle" is posed alongside No. 0706 of the Great Eastern, a rebuild of a Sinclair compound 4-4-0 and a regular performer on the Cambridge main line at that period.

Family notes on Stephen and Frank Budden
Source: Canterbury Museum, New Zealand